Individual Medicinal Herbs

There are times when you will prefer to use a herbal mixture of your own making rather than one that has already been put together. There are many ways we can use herbs in order for them to exert their beneficial influence. A combination of herbs is usually more effective and preferred for treatment of many condition.

Each herbal combination is prepared with consideration to the specific situation or condition of the individual who is going to be taking it. This means there are many occasions when you will want to put together a herbal mixture using a specially selected range of individual herbs.

This page provides guidelines on herbal preparations for internal and external use. It also provides information on individual herbs you can use for making your own mixtures.

Preparations for Internal Use

Teas or infusions and decoctions

Teas come in two forms - infusions and decoctions. Which one you make depends on the part of the herb that you want to use. Infusions are for the soft parts of the plant and decoctions are for the bark and woody parts.


These are made the same way as making a cup of tea, using the soft parts of the plant (the leaves, stems and flowers). The standard dose is 1oz (25g) of dried herb, or 2 oz or (50 g) of fresh herb to 1 pint (600 ml) of boiling water. This can be varied according to taste. It is important that they be palatable so that you can drink them regularly, when you need to. Sometimes a little honey makes the tea more palatable.

Put the herb in a warmed pot and pour on the boiling water, leave covered to infuse for 10 minutes and then strain. A cupful is generally taken three times a day for chronic conditions and six times daily for acute illnesses. An infusion will keep up to two days in the refrigerator.

Combine different herbs with similar properties to improve the healing and alter the flavour.


These are similar to infusions except that they are made from hard materials, such as bark, roots, wood chips, seeds and nuts. They may require more heat than an infusion.

Break or hammer the pieces first with a pestle and mortar or chop them if fresh. Porcelain or glass vessels should be used in preparing infusions and decoctions. The full benefit of the herb is attained by keeping the material covered while being processed. Simmer the material in a glass or enamel vessel with some water, for at least 10 minutes before straining. Use a little over a pint (600 ml) of water per ounce (25g) of herb, to make up for any water lost during the simmering. The dosage is the same as for infusions.


These are concentrated extracts of herbs, usually using a mixture of water and alcohol (Duke 2000, uses the cheapest vodka that he can buy for this process) to extract the constituents of the remedy and act as a preservative. The ratio of alcohol to water varies form one remedy to another. 25% alcohol is needed for glycosides and tannins. Resins and gums need 90% alcohol.

To make the tincture use:

  • dried herbs at the ratio of one part herb to five parts of liquid,
  • fresh herb at the ratio of one part herb to two parts of liquid.

Place the herb in a large jar and pour in the alcohol and water mixture. Close the lid of the jar and leave in a cool dark place for two weeks, shaking it daily. When this process is complete separate the herb and the liquid and place the liquid into a dropper bottle. (Tinctures are often taken by dropper measures.) Store the tincture away from heat and light.

You can use an alternative to alcohol by using glycerine which gives a sweet taste to the tincture and makes them more palatable. Use equal parts of water and glycerine for dried herbs and 80% glycerine for watery fresh herbs (such as borage) to ensure they do not deteriorate or become contaminated.

Tinctures generally keep well for about two years.

Tinctures can also be used to make mouth washes, gargles, lotions and douches. Use about 1/2 to 1 teaspoon in a cup full of water 2 to 3 times per day in chronic conditions and every two hours in acute conditions.


Preparations for External Use

The skin can be very absorbent and substances that are applied to the skin will be carried by the blood vessels around the body.

Make a wash

A wash is a warm infusion, decoction or diluted tincture (10 ml tincture to 250 ml warm water) that is spread over the skin with a clean cloth or cotton ball. A wash is good for wounds, cuts and grazes as well as rashes and ulcers.


To make a compress take a clean cloth or towel and soak it in either a hot or cold herbal infusion or decoction or into water into which a few drops of essential oil have been added. Then wring it out and apply it to the affected area - such as the site of a headache, period pain, backache, inflamed joints. Repeat several times for good effect.

Hand and foot baths

The hands and feet are sensitive areas with many nerve endings. Despite thickening of the skin in some areas herbal constituents pass readily from these areas into the blood stream.

Mustard foot baths are an old remedy for the afflictions of the cold and damp, from colds and flu to arthritis. The hands and feet are excellent ways to treat children and babies.

Herbal baths

A fragrant warm bath is a relaxing way to take a herbal remedy and an easy way to treat babies and children.

  • You can hang a muslin bag filled with fresh or dried herbs directly under the hot tap.
  • Alternatively you can add a strong herbal infusion to the bath water. Soak in the water for 15 to 30 minutes.
  • You can add a few drops of essential oil to the bath water.

Dilute the oils first for babies and children or if you have a sensitive skin.


Liniments are rubbing oils used in massage to relax or stimulate or sooth away pain from inflammation or injury. They consist of extracts of herbs in oil or alcohol base or a mix of herbal oils and alcohol tinctures of your chosen herbs. They are intended to be absorbed quickly through the skin of the affected part and for this reason they often contain cayenne or stimulating oils to increase circulation.


Essential oils are extracted from aromatic plants by a process of steam distillation so these are unable to be prepared at home. However you can make herbal oils by infusing finely chopped herbs in a pure vegetable oils, such as almond, sunflower or olive, for about two weeks.

Place the oil in a jar with a tight fitting lid. Place the jar on a warm windowsill and shake it daily. Gradually the oil will take up the constituents of the herbs used. After two or more weeks filter the oil and press the remainder out of the herb through a muslin bag. Store the oil in an airtight dark bottle.

Oils can be used for a massage. A few drops of the essential oil can be diluted in the base oil. You can also put 5 to 10 drops into a bowl of hot water for inhalation.


A poultice is a soft damp mixture that is added to part of the body. You can use fresh or dried herbs as a poultice, placed between two pieces of gauze. Make the herbal mixture into a paste (crush the fresh herbs or add some water to the dry herbs) to spread over the gauze. Then bind the gauze poultice to the affected area using a light cotton bandage.


Individual Herbs


Alfalfa is a gentle tonifier, restorative and nutritive herb. Alfalfa can be used to help reduce blood cholesterol and plaque deposits on the artery walls. It helps to neutralize cancer causing substances in the intestines and helps to speed their elimination from the body. The seeds have been found to promote menstruation. Further information and buy »»

Bilberry is used for the treatment of narrowing of the arteries, diarrhea, bruises, varicose veins, hemorrhoids, mouth and throat inflammation, eye conditions, such as: night blindness, cataracts, macular degeneration and diabetic retinopathy. Further information and buy »»

Black Cohosh is a powerful pain reliever which can be used during childbirth, but it is not recommended that it be taken during the pregnancy itself. It is a relaxant and normaliser of the female reproductive system. It may be beneficial in painful or delayed menstruation, ovarian cramps or cramping pains in the uterus. It has been used in the treatment of rheumatic conditions because of its anti-inflammatory properties and has been used in sciatica and neuralgia. It willl reduce spasms and aid in the treatment of lung complaints such as whooping cough. Further information and buy »»

Bladderwrack is most useful in the treatment of an underactive thyroid gland. Through the regulation of the thyroid function there is an improvement in symptoms associated with metabolism. It can therefore be useful where obesity is associated with thyroid problems. It also has a reputation for helping to relieve rheumatism and rheumatoid arthritis. It can be used both internally and externally for the treatment of inflamed joints. Further information and buy »»

Boneset is perhaps one of the best remedies for the relief of symptoms associated with influenza. It can help treat minor viral and bacteria illnesses by boosting the immune system's responses to infection. It stimulates the white cells to more effectively destroy micro-organisms. It also helps to clear mucous congestion and helps to clear the body of any build up of waste and ease constipation. Further information and buy »»

Buchu can be used in any infection of the genito-urinary system such as cystitis, urethritis and prostatitis. It has healing and soothing properties which indicate its use together with other relevant remedies and any condition of this system. It is especially useful in painful and burning urination. In cystitis it combines well with yarrow and couchgrass and in burning urination with marshmallow or corn silk. Further information and buy »»

Burdock promotes healthy blood and skin. It is an excellent blood and lymphatic purifier, and promotes healthy liver and kidney function. Burdock is a blood cleanser for detoxification and hastening the removal of toxins from the body. It is best to start with small doses of this herb and build up as appropriate. Excessive use may lead to a severe release of the toxins into the blood stream. Further information and buy »»

Catnip is one of the traditional cold and flu remedies. It is a powerful diaphoretic when taken as a hot infusion. It also acts as a decongestant. It should be taken at the first sign of a cold or flu. It also has a calming and relaxing effect in babies and children and will relieve restlessness and induce sleep. It has a relaxant effect on the digestive system where it will relieve tension, colic and pain. This again is useful with children and babies. Further information and buy »»

Cayenne is a powerful systemic stimulant. It regulates blood flow, strengthening the heart, arteries, capillaries and veins and reduces the tendency to blood clots and lowers cholesterol. It is a warming remedy for those prone to cold hands and feet and for warding off winter blues, lethargy and chills. It makes an excellent remedy for the lungs as its pungency increases the secretion of fluid in the bronchial tubes, thinning phlegm and easing its expulsion. It keeps the airways clear, thus aiding in the prevention and treatment of colds and flu. Further information and buy »»

Chamomile is a very versatile herb. It is a relaxant of the nervous system and digestive system and is a useful remedy for children and babies. Chamomile contains apigenin a compound that binds to the same cell receptors as pharmaceutical tranquilizers and has a similar effect. The main difference is that apigenin doesn't cause serious sedation or morning after grogginess nor does it pose a risk of addiction. It is used for the digestive tract to relieve tension and spasms, colic, abdominal pain, wind and distension. It regulates peristalsis in the bowel and can therefore assist in the treatment of both constipation and diarrhea. The bitters in the herb stimulate the flow of bile and the secretion of gastric juices, thus enhancing the appetite and improving a sluggish digestion. Further information and buy »»

Chaste Tree has the ability to stimulate and balance the pituitary gland, particularly in relation to the female sex hormones. It has a normalizing effect (known as amphoteric) on female hormones by its influence on the follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) which are produced by the anterior pituitary gland. It acts to support the ovaries in their work, in the second half of the menstrual cycle. It is useful for premenstrual syndrome and a range of menstrual problems that are related to hormonal imbalance. It can be effective for heavy and painful periods, fibroids and for re-establishing balance after stopping the contraceptive pill. Chaste Tree may counteract the effectiveness of the birth control pill. Further information and buy »»

Cramp Bark is a relaxer of muscle tension and spasm. It is used in muscular cramps and ovarian and uterine muscle problems. Cramp bark will relax the uterus and so relieve painful cramping associated with periods. In a similar way it can be used to protect from a threatened miscarriage. It also has a role in the treatment of excessive blood loss in periods and especially bleeding associated with menopause. Further information and buy »»

Cranberry is used in the prevention and treatment of urinary tract infections. The whole fruit is used either raw, jellied, juiced, fruit concentrates or capsules. Many of the commercially available forms of cranberry have added sugar as the fruit alone is bitter to taste. It is best to use the capsules rather than to have the added sugar. Cranberry contains anthocyanosides which can also help to prevent diseases such as heart disease, strokes and many cancers. Anthocyanosides also have a powerful effect on the eyes and it is useful in the prevention and treatment of cataracts. Is also helpful with other eye problems including macular degeneration (the macula is an area in the retina responsible for central vision) and diabetic retinopathy (diabetes damages the blood vessels in the body including those that nourish the retina in the eye). Further information and buy »»

Damiania is a strengthener for the nervous system. It also has an ancient reputation as an aphrodisiac - this may or may not be true but it is a tonic for the central nervous and hormonal systems. The pharmacology of the plant suggests that it has testosterone like action. Damiana is an anti-depressant and is considered a specific for anxiety and depression where there is a sexual factor. It can be used to strengthen the male sexual system. Further information and buy »»

Dandelion helps stimulate healthy liver function. It is a blood cleanser that is very rich in vitamins and minerals and promotes healthy circulation and stimulates bile flow. Dandelion is famous for its general detoxifying bitter tonic. Dandelion increases the elimination of toxins, wastes and pollutants through the liver and kidneys and thus cleanses the blood and tissues. The bitters in both the root and leaves assist the digestive system and liver. It can be used for liver disease, including jaundice and hepatitis and for problems associated with a sluggish liver, such as, tiredness, irritability, skin problems and headaches. It can be used in gallbladder infections. It stimulates the excretion of insulin, in the pancreas and can therefore be of assistance in diabetes. Further information and buy »»

Devil's Claw has been effective in the treatment of some cases of arthritis. The action seems to be due to the presence of a glycoside called harpagoside that reduces inflammation in the joints. However it is not always effective, but is worth considering in cases where there is inflammation with pain. Devil's claw also assists in stimulating and cleansing the liver and gall bladder and will therefore assist removing toxins from the body. It can be considered in rheumatic and other joint diseases and inflammation of connective tissue, such as, myalgia, fibrositis and tendonitis. If you have gallstones consult your health professional before taking. Do not use if you have gastric or duodenal ulcers. Further information and buy »»

Echinacea has an antiseptic action, activates white blood cells, has antiviral properties, enhances resistance to infection, and boosts immunity. Echinacea can be taken internally and applied externally to fight bacterial infections. It can also be used internally to lower a fever and reduce an allergic reaction. It is effective in fighting infectious conditions such as, the flu, common colds, candidiasis, herpes and respiratory infections. Large doses may cause nausea and dizziness and do not take continuously for more than three months. Do not take if you have an auto-immune disorder such as lupus or multiple sclerosis as echinacea stimulates the immune system. Further information and buy »»

Elecampane is used as a specific for irritating bronchial coughs, especially in children. It may be used whenever there is a copious amount of catarrh formed, such as in bronchitis or emphysema. The herb has an expectorant that is accompanied by the stimulating effect of the essential oils. It also has an anti-bacterial effect. Further information and buy »»

Eyebright is a remedy for the mucous membranes. It is used internally as an anti-catarrhal and thus can be used in nasal catarrh, sinusitis and other congestion states. It is best know for its use in conditions of the eyes where it is useful in acute and chronic inflammation, stinging and weeping eyes as well as oversensitivity to light. Used as a compress and taken internally it can be used in conjunctivitis. Further information and buy »»




For Further Information About or
to Buy from the A to E Group
Just Click Here




Fennel is an aromatic plant that has traditionally been used to aid digestion. It: has volatile oils that enhance the appetite and increase the secretion of digestive juices. This promotes the digestion and absorption of nutrients. It also has calmative properties which relaxes the digestive tract. This aids in the relief of flatulence and colic. It can also be of assistance in the treatment of indigestion, heartburn, constipation and abdominal pain. It increases the production of milk in nursing mothers and when it is taken by the mother the volatile oils will pass to the baby thus soothing any of the baby's digestive problems. it is also useful in relieving period pains and regulating menstruation. It has diuretic properties which help to relieve fluid retention. When this is combined with fennel's antiseptic properties it is useful for treating urinary infections. Further information and buy »»

Fenugreek seeds have been shown to lower blood sugar levels, which means, they may be useful in treating late onset diabetes. Fenugreek has great use local healing and reducing inflammation in conditions, such as wounds, boils, sores, fistulas and tumors. It can be taken to help bronchitis and as a gargle to sooth sore throats. An infusion from the seeds can reduce a fever. It contains bitters which make it useful in soothing disturbed digestion. It reduces acidity, increases the appetite and eases the pain of stomach problems such as diarrhea and gastroenteritis. Fenugreek is a strong stimulator of milk production for breast feeding mothers, for which it is perfectly safe. It also has a reputation for stimulating breast development. An infusion from the leaves and stems is used to ease labor pain once the labor has started. A decoction made from the seeds or an infusion from the leaves and stems will ease a painful menstrual period. A poultice made from the ground seed can be used to ease the pain and inflammation of gout. It can also be used with inflammatory skin conditions, such as boils and acne. Further information and buy »»

Garlic promotes a healthy digestive system and is effective against harmful micro-organisms .Garlic cleanses the blood, maintains healthy bacteria in the bowel, helps to reduce a fever, is an antiseptic with antibiotic and antifungal action, tones the heart and circulatory system, boosts the immune system, may help to lower the blood pressure, may help to prevent some cancers, treats infections of the digestive tract and respiratory systems, is an antioxidant, helps to reduce the risk of atherosclerosis by inhibiting at least two enzymes involved in the production of cholesterol in the liver, helps to prevent heart disease and is a decongestant. Further information and buy »»

Ginger is used for digestive health, as a circulatory stimulant and as an immune booster. It contains 24 distinct anti-inflammatory compounds. It has a stimulating effect on the heart and circulation which creates a feeling of warmth and wellbeing. It is recommended for those with bad circulation, chilblains and cramps. It is also used for the treatment of angina. Hot ginger tea promotes perspiration which assists in bringing down a fever and helps to clear catarrh. It has a stimulating and expectorant effect on the lungs. This assists to expel phlegm and relieve coughs and chest infections. It relieves nausea and vomiting, settles the stomach, sooths digestion and calms wind. In the uterus it promotes menstruation and relieves painful ovulation and periods. rain treatments. It is not recommended for those who do not tolerate heat well or for people with gastritis or peptic ulcers. Do not use in large doses if you have gallstones, as ginger’s effects may stimulate the gall bladder, worsening symptoms and causing unnecessary pain. Ginger’s components may interfere with normal blood clotting. As a precaution, suspend the use of this herb at least one week before surgery. Further information and buy »»

Ginkgo Biloba has become one of the most popular herbs in the world due to its unique ability to promote healthy blood circulation throughout the body. Ginkgo biloba improves capillary strength and circulation throughout the body. This makes it useful for the elderly who feel cold in the extremities. It also helps stop blood clotting. It has beneficial effects on blood circulation in the brain, thus alleviating vertigo, tinnitus, short term memory loss, headaches, depression, poor concentration and other age related disorders. It has been shown to improve neural transmission in the brain. It is a powerful antioxidant. This makes it useful in arteriosclerosis, high blood pressure, angina, and to prevent strokes and heart attacks. Further information and buy »»

Ginseng Siberian protects the body and nervous system from stress, stimulate and increase metabolic function, enhance physical and mental efficiency by improving circulation. It also helps to keep balanced blood pressure and glucose levels, increase gastrointestinal movement, iron metabolism, and promote RNA synthesis. Ginseng stimulates the nervous system and boosts energy, stimulates hormone secretion, lowers blood cholesterol level, protects cells from damage due to radiation and exposure to toxins, enhances memory, concentration and learning, helps to lessen the effects of stress, improves liver detoxification function, and improves appetite, mood and sleep. Further information and buy »»

Golden Rod is perhaps the first herb to think of for upper respiratory system catarrh, whether acute or chronic. Golden rod can be used in combination with other herbs for the treatment of influenza. It has calmative properties that also make it useful as a remedy for flatulent dyspepsia. It is an anti-inflammatory urinary antiseptic, which means that it can be used with cystitis, urethritis and other kidney and bladder infections and can be used to promote the healing of wounds. Further information and buy »»

Goldenseal is a North American Indian remedy that was used for treating arrow wounds and ulcers. It acts on the mucus membranes throughout the body, resolving inflammation and clearing phlegm. In the respiratory system it is useful for tonsillitis, pharyngitis, laryngitis, sinusitis, colds, flu and catarrhal coughs. In the digestive system it reduces catarrh, colitis, gastritis, ulceration and inflammation. It also seems to work in conditions such as amebic dysentery, cholera and giardiasis. Its bitter stimulation enhances liver function and gives it a role in the stimulation of appetite and improvement of digestion. In the reproductive system it is useful for the treatment of heavy periods and hemorrhage and as it stimulates the uterine muscle it has a role in childbirth. Locally it can be used as a lotion or douche for vaginal infections such as thrush. it can also be used externally for the treatment of eczema, ringworm, pruritis (itching) and ear ache. In the bladder it soothes inflammation and assists in resolving infections. For the nervous system it acts as a tonic and a sedative. It has powerful antibiotic and antiviral properties, making it useful in a wide range of infections. This includes externally for gum infections, mouth ulcers and sore throats. Further information and buy »»

Gotu Kola is considered a rejuvenating herb. It is used internally for improving memory and reducing stress. Externally it is used to relieve inflammation and help heal wounds. Further information and buy »»

Guarana acts as a general body tonic. It also has a stimulating effect and is an intestinal cleanser. It helps to increases mental alertness, reduces fatigue and increases mental alertness. Further information and buy »»

Guggul is a great herb for controlling the cholesterol levels in the blood. It is also used to treat obesity, lipid disorders and rheumatoid arthritis. Further information and buy »»

Hawthorn has traditionally been used to nourish and strengthen the heart. Hawthorn has also been proven to have an oxygen saving effect on the heart muscle and it helps to maintain already healthy cholesterol. Hawthorn berries act as a cardiac tonic and help to reduce blood pressure. They act in a normalizing way upon the heart either by stimulating or depressing its activity depending upon the need. They can be used in heart failure or weakness or for palpitations. They are also used for high blood pressure, arteriosclerosis and angina pectoris. Further information and buy »»

Horehound is a valuable herb for the treatment of bronchitis where there is a non-productive cough. It combines the action of relaxing the smooth muscles of the bronchus whilst promoting mucus production and thus expectoration. It is used with benefit in the treatment of whooping cough. The bitter action stimulates the flow and secretion of bile from the gallbladder and thus aids digestion. It is used externally to aid the healing of wounds. Further information and buy »»

Horsetail has an affinity for the urinary system where it acts as a mild diuretic, soothing and healing irritation and infection of the urinary tract. Its toning and astringent properties make it useful for frequency (of urination). It will assist in the control of bed wetting. It is particularly useful in the treatment of inflammation or benign enlargement of the prostate gland. It will also assist in the rapid removal of kidney stones. It also acts on the reproductive system, reducing hemorrhage and heavy bleeding. This is thanks to it high silica content. It can be used externally as a lotion in the treatment of skin conditions such as eczema, cuts and wounds, sores and ulcers. It can be used as a mouth wash or gargle for mouth ulcers, bleeding gums and sore throats. Further information and buy »»

Hyssop has an interesting range of uses that are mainly associated with its anti-spasmodic actions. Hyssop can be used in coughs, bronchitis, and chronic catarrh. It is useful as a hot infusion in the early stages of colds and influenza. The infused oil can also be rubbed on the chest for a chesty cough. Hyssop can also be combined with eucalyptus or thyme oil or both. It can be used in anxiety and stress states and it has been used in the treatment of hysteria and petit mal (a from of epilepsy - but be careful of strong infusions). Further information and buy »»

Kava Kava Kava-kava is used for anxiety, stress and insomnia.Do not use during pregnancy or breastfeeding. Do not used if you have been diagnosed with depression. It may increase the effects of alcohol and other substances that act on the central nervous system. Exercise caution when driving or operating machinery. Do not take for longer than one to three months. Long term consumption can cause yellowing of the skin which does not go away when the treatment is ceased. Further information and buy »»

Kelp has good source of trace minerals, useful in low or enlarged thyroid treatment; activates underactive thyroid functioning, often boosts T4 levels in the blood if these are borderline. Further information and buy »»

Licorice is a remarkable herb with an affinity for the endocrine system. It has a similar structure to the hormones of the adrenal gland giving it effects similar to cortisone (but without the side effects). It is used as an anti-inflammatory (which means that it is good for aches and pains, including arthritis) and as an anti-allergic for the relief of hay fever, allergic rhinitis, conjunctivitis and bronchial asthma. It is used as an expectorant for the relief of irritating coughs, asthma and chest infections. It has mild estrogen properties which makes it useful during menopause. It is useful for healing stomach ulcers and is as effective as cimetidine (Tagamet). It lowers stomach acid levels and relieves heartburn and indigestion. It acts as a mild laxative and can be used for irritation, inflammation and spasm of the digestive tract. It has the ability to improve resistance to stress. It should be considered during times of both physical and emotional stress, after surgery during convalescence and when feeling tired and run down. Further information and buy »»




For Further Information About or
to Buy from the F to L Group
Just Click Here




Milk Thistle is very effective at promoting good liver functioning as it helps protect the liver from toxins and pollutants by preventing free radical damage. It also stimulates the flow of bile from the liver and gall bladder for digesting fats. Bile is necessary for the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins (A, D, E and K) and helps to assimilate calcium. Milk thistle nutritionally supports the liver's ability to maintain normal function. It has shown positive effects in treating nearly every known form of liver disease, including cirrhosis, hepatitis, necroses, and liver damage due to drug and alcohol abuse. Milk thistle works due to its ability to inhibit the factors responsible for liver damage, coupled with the fact it stimulates production of new liver cells to replace old damaged ones. Further information and buy »»

Motherwort can be used in conditions related to menstruation and the uterus. It is valuable for delayed onset of menstruation or suppressed menstruation, especially where there is anxiety or tension involved. It is a useful relaxing tonic for menopausal changes. It can be used to ease false labour pains. It is also an excellent tonic for the heart, strengthening without straining and it is a specific herb for over-rapid heart beats where this is brought on by anxiety and stress. It may be used in all heart conditions associated with anxiety and tension. Further information and buy »»

Mullein is a very useful respiratory system remedy and can be used in most conditions that affect respiration. Mullein is ideal for toning the mucous membranes of the respiratory system, reducing inflammation and thus facilitating expectoration. This is particularly useful in bronchitis where there is a cough associated with soreness. Mullein can be combined with horehound or thyme or both for greater effectiveness. An infusion of oils of mullein can be used as a chest rub for bronchitis. A gargle made from the flowers can be used to ease sore throats. Further information and buy »»

Nettles is used for the urinary system and it strengthens and supports the whole body. It is very rich in chlorophyll. Nettle leaves have a stimulating effect on the bladder and kidneys and assist in cleansing the body of toxins and wastes. It is therefore useful in fluid retention, bladder infection and stones. Because nettles aid in the excretion of uric acid they are useful in the treatment of gout and arthritis as well as skin problems. It has been used to stem heavy periods and as a galactagogue (a substance that increases breast milk secretion) it is useful after childbirth. It also makes a good restorative remedy during menopause. It helps clear catarrhal congestion and relieve allergies such as hay fever and asthma. Further information and buy »»

Passionflower is a relaxing and is the herb of choice for treating chronic insomnia. It has no addictive effects and allows you to wake refreshed and alert in the morning. Passionflower has a sedative effect without the narcotic 'hangover'. It is an antispasmodic and can be helpful in Parkinson's disease, seizures, muscle pain, twitching and spasm and hysteria. It can assist in any stress related condition , such as colic and asthma, as well as high blood pressure or wherever the symptoms are worsened by stress, including, hot flushes, migraine and headaches, abdominal pain or coughs. Further information and buy »»

Pau'D Arco is used traditionally as a natural anti-bacterial and anti-fungal agent (and is also reported to have anti-cancer effects). It is rich in iron, which aids in the proper assimilation of nutrients and the elimination of wastes. It has been used for problems ranging from osteomyelitis, ringworm, bronchitis, gastritis, colitis, cystitis, prostatitis, lupus and Hodgkin's disease. It has primary value in the elimination of the pain from any disease and it improves the body’s immune response. Further information and buy »»

Peppermint is both cooling and warming. When taken internally it is warming. It improves the circulation and causes sweating. This is helpful in fevers, colds and flu. Its astringent and decongestant action also helps relieve stuffiness and catarrh. It makes a good general tonic, to recharge the energy and reduce lethargy. It has a relaxing effect when taken internally which is useful for calming anxiety and tension and relieving pain and spasm. It can be used for menstrual pain, asthma and insomnia. It soothes and relaxes muscles and reduces inflammation in the digestive tract. It is helpful in stomach aches, colic, flatulence, heartburn, indigestion, nausea and vomiting and travel sickness. The tannins help to protect the digestive tract lining and can assist in Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. It has bitters which stimulate and cleanse the liver and gall bladder. Further information and buy »»

Red Clover is one of the most useful remedies for children with skin problems. It is used with safety in the treatment of childhood eczema and it can also be used with other skin conditions such as psoriasis. It can also be used with adults. Because of its expectorant and antispasmodic capacity it has a role in the treatment of coughs and bronchitis - especially whooping cough. There is also some evidence to suggest that red clover has an anti-neoplastic (anti-cancer) action in animals. It has been used as a treatment for cancers in humans particularly for cancers of the breasts, ovaries and lymph glands. Further information and buy »»

Sarsaparilla strengthens the bones and muscles and absorbs moisture. This herb is traditionally used to support the urinary system, increase circulation to joints, support glandular balance and cleanse the blood. Sarsaparilla Root has a weak diuretic and laxative effect, which may make it useful in promoting the loss of excess water from the body and also in treating mild constipation. Further information and buy »»

Saw Palmetto used as a nourishing tonic enhances digestion, improves strength and vitality, increases flesh and weight. In the male reproductive system it is a remedy for testicular atrophy, low libido, impotence, prostatic enlargement and any inflammation of the reproductive tract. In the female reproductive system it can be prescribed to relieve painful periods, regulate the menstrual cycle, relieve inflammatory conditions, such as salpingitis and ovarian pain. In women it also increases sexual energy, fertility and milk flow in nursing mothers. It has an affinity for the urinary system and can be taken to relieve urinary infections, fluid retention, incontinence and bed wetting. It relaxes the nervous system, soothing tension and anxiety. Before using this herb to treat an enlarged prostate consult your health professional for diagnosis and monitoring. Further information and buy »»

Senna is a powerful cathartic. It is used in the treatment of constipation. It is vital to recognize however that constipation is a result of something else and the cause needs to be treated. It is best to combine senna with other carminative herbs to increase its palatability and to reduce griping, for example cardamom, ginger and fennel. Further information and buy »»

Shepherd's Purse can be used whenever there is the need for a gentle diuretic such as in water retention due to kidney problems. It is also effective in the treatment of bleeding such as nose bleeds or heavy menstruation. It has mild anti-inflammatory action so it can have a place in the treatment of wounds. Further information and buy »»

Skullcap is a powerful immune booster, especially for the upper body. It is used to help speed recovery, relax nervous tension and renew the nervous system. Skullcap is rich in minerals that are necessary for the nervous system. It is useful for the strengthening and support provided in times of stress and is a remedy for nervous tension, headaches, agitation, anxiety, insomnia, hysteria, exhaustion and depression. It an antispasmodic which is useful for twitching muscles, trembling, epilepsy (both petit and grand mal) and heart palpitations. It useful as an aid when withdrawing from orthodox tranquilizers and antidepressants. Further information and buy »»

Slippery Elm Bark is used as a soothing remedy for the mucous membranes throughout the body. It will sooth irritation and inflammation in the stomach, bowels, kidneys, urinary tract and the whole reproductive system. It is useful for gastritis, acidity, peptic ulcers, colitis, enteritis, cystitis, and diarrhea. Further information and buy »»

St John's Wort has a sedative and pain reducing effect which makes it useful in reducing tension, anxiety and generally lifting the spirits. It is considered a specific herb for emotional problems during menopause. Its sedative effect has been attributed to hypericin, which reduces blood pressure, capillary fragility and benefits the uterus. It can be used for heavy, painful and irregular periods as well as premenstrual syndrome. It has a diuretic action which reduces fluid retention and enhances the removal of toxins. It also has an antibacterial and antiviral action and is being researched for its effectiveness as a treatment in TB, HIV, AIDS as well as various cancers. Further information and buy »»

Tansy is an effective remedy to use to get rid of intestinal worms. Whilst it is quit safe for this use it should not be continued over a long period of time. It is effective against roundworms and thread worms and can be used in children as an enema. It also has bitter properties that will stimulate the appetite and ease dyspepsia. It can be used as an emmenagogue to stimulate menstruation, but it must be avoided during pregnancy. Further information and buy »»

Turmeric has been shown to possess antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, cholesterol reducing and cancer fighting properties. This means that turmeric can be used for the treatment of peptic ulcers, hardening of the arteries, indigestion and liver problems. Further information and buy »»

Valerian is one of the most useful relaxing nervines that is available. Valerian may safely be used to reduce tension and anxiety. It can help to calm people who 'can't switch off' and it relieves palpitations, panic and tremors. Generally it eases any stress-related condition. This means that it can also assist in insomnia and induce a natural healing sleep. However, about 20% of the population respond to Valerian as a stimulant, so if you take it and still have insomnia and are very alert try hops, chamomile, passionflower, or skullcap, which are all excellent herbs to relieve stress, anxiety and insomnia. Do not take valerian if you are already using sleeping tablets. Do not take over a long period of time (more that 2-3 weeks) without a break. It may cause heart palpitations and nervousness in those who are sensitive to it. If such stimulation occurs discontinue its use. Further information and buy »»

White Willow is a safe natural source of aspirin-like chemicals. It can be used in the treatment of arthritis and rheumatism where there is associated pain and inflammation. It can also be used as a wider treatment for any connective tissue inflammation and fevers such as influenza. Do not use if you are allergic to aspirin. Further information and buy »»

Wild Yam contains compounds similar to the hormone progesterone. It relaxes muscle spasms, reduces inflammation and is good for female disorders, including premenstrual syndrome and menopause-related symptoms. Further information and buy »»

Yarrow is a versatile remedy. It contains anti-inflammatory and antiseptic volatile oils, astringent tannins, resins that are also astringent and antiseptic and silica which promotes tissue repair. Further information and buy »»

Yohimbe increases libido and blood flow to erectile tissue. May increase testosterone levels. Further information and buy »»




For Further Information About or
to Buy from the M to Z Group
Just Click Here




Duke, J. A. 2000, Anti-aging Prescriptions. Rodale.

McGrath, W.R. 1991, Common Herbs for Common Illnesses. American Survival Guide.

McIntyre, A. 1995, The Complete Women's Herbal. Henry Holt Reference Books.

Woodward, P. 2003, Grow Your Own Herbal Remedies. Hyland House.





The foundation of your health must consist of eliminating toxins, following a healthy lifestyle and eating well, as explained in Volume 1 of Safe Colon Cleansing Your Good Health Guide.

Remember that good, healthy food can also look, smell and taste great! And it need not be expensive. See Dr Jenny Tylee's tips and hundreds of recipes in Volume 2 of Safe Colon Cleansing Your Good Health Guide.Safe Colon Cleansing Vol 2